Biological Content

The CNS and neurotransmitters in human behaviour, inc. structure and role of the neuron, the function of neurotransmitters and synaptic transmission.

Effect of recreational drugs on the transmission process in the CNS

The structure of the brain, different brain areas (e.g. pre-frontal cortex) and brain functioning as an explanation of aggression as a human behaviour

The role of evolution and natural selection to explain human behaviour, including aggression

Biological explanation of aggression as an alternative to Freud’s psychodynamic exp, (id, ego, superego), the importance of the unconscious and catharsis

Role of hormones (e.g. testosterone) to explain human behaviour such as aggression

Individual differences

Developmental psychology

Practice Questions:

  1. A synapse is

A a chemical that allows neurons to communicate with each other

B the location where the chemical is received by the neuron

C a junction between neurons

D the nerve cell in the brain that pass information to each other

2. Neurotransmitters are chemicals which allow neurons to communicate with one another. Neurotransmitters send messages across the

A axon

B receptor

C synapse

D dendrite

1.      Caitlin is a clinical psychologist. She is running a course for young carers, aged 9-16 all of whom have parents with mental health problems.

Discuss interactive ways in which Caitlin could help the children to understand the process of synaptic transmission. (8)