Introduction to the Cognitive Approach

Key terms

cognitive processes, attention, memory, language, thinking and decision-making, the computer analogy (input-processing-output), schema, top-down versus bottom-up processing, information processing approach


This document outline the two assumptions of the cognitive approach quoted in the 2021-2023 specification and prompts the student to elaborate with reference to the three core studies (Laney, Andrade and baron-Cohen). This make a good revision activity and should be completed at the end of the unit rather than the beginning.

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