The IB Guide tells us that cognitive schemas are mental representations that organize our knowledge, beliefs and expectations. and multiple studies have indicated that schemas influence memory processes in encoding, storage and retrieval. While Schema processing is to a large extent automatic and non-conscious which saves cognitive energy but at the same time can result in biases in thinking and memory processes.
Describe schema theory – handout
Schema Theory: google slides
Schema theory revision – graphic organiser using Andersen and Pichert example.
SAQ: Outline/describe/explain schema theory with reference to one research study. (9)
Personally, I would choose Andersen and Pichert or Bransford and Johnson here, whichever you choose make sure you know the APFC details well and that you are able to explicitly link the study to key features of the theory.
- Discuss schema theory with reference to research evidence. (22)
- Evaluate schema theory with reference to research evidence. (22)