Section B: Review of studies

Section B has two questions

  • a 12 marker where you are provided with some unseen material and asked a 12 mark questions about it
  • a 16 marker which is about two of the classic studies and how they relate to one of the eleven issues and debates.

This page is about the 16 marker, but click here for advice on the unseen 12 marker:

The Unseen 12 marker

For this exercise need you to be completely confident with the major details of all of the CLASSIC STUDIES:

  • Social: Sherif (1954) – Robbers Cave
  • Cognitive: Baddeley (1966b): Experiment 1, 2 or 3
  • Biological: Raine et al (1997)
  • Learning: Watson and Rayner (1920) – Little Albert
  • Clinical: Rosenhan (1973) – On being sane in insane places

Use this table to think about how the classic studies fit with the different issues and debates.

Once you have identified the studies which are most likely to come up matched against the respective issues and debates you need to practice comparative essays, that is comparing how two studies relate to different issues and debates.

  • Number the studies from 1-5; roll a dice twice to select two studies; if roll a six you can choose your favourite study; 1= Sherif, 2=Baddeley, 3=Raine, 4=Watson and Rayner and 5 = Rosenhan
  • Roll again to see which issue and debates you have to discuss with relation to this study; there are ten issues and debates you could be asked about (9.3.4 is assessed in a different part of the paper)
  • If you roll an even number you will do the first I and D in the pairs below, if you roll an from odd number answer on the second in the pair.
  • 1 = Ethics or Nature/nurture
  • 2 = Practical issues or Development over time
  • 3 =Reductionism or Social control
  • 4= Psychology as a science or Use of psychological knowledge in society
  • 5=Cultural and gender issues or Socially-sensitive research;
  • If you roll a six, choose your favourite!
  • Practice comparing studies by rolling two dice to select combinations of any two studies and then roll the dice again to decide whether you have to give a similarity (even numbers) or a difference (odd numbers); you should compare them with regard to any of the issues and debates (roll two dice as you did before) and GRAVESOCs
  • You should create a Venn diagram to record the similarities and differences between the studies with regard to the synoptic issues and debates.

Practice Questions (16 markers)

With a mark allocation of 16 guaranteed for the review of studies question, the options are rather limited with regards the command term. Unless there is a context/scenario the nl command term that can be used is evaluate. Assess and TWE at 16 marks both require of context. A quote or short statement could be provided for you to explore so this is an option meaning assess or TWE could be used. Below you will find a range of studies combined with the various I and Ds but all have been combined with ‘Evaluate’.

  1. Evaluate Sherif (1954) and Baddeley (1966b) with regard to ethical issues
  2. Evaluate the extent to which the studies of Sherif (1954) and Raine (1997) can be considered  to be scientific?
  3. Evaluate the contribution to society of the studies if Baddeley (1966b) and Watson and Rayner (1920)
  4. Evaluate the role of nature and nurture in explaining the findings of Raine (1997) and Watson and Rayner (1920)
  5. Evaluate the extent to which the Watson and Rayner and Loftus and Palmer can be considered reductionist?
  6. Evaluate the changes to psychology over time since the classic studies of Rosenhan and Loftus and Palmer
  7. Evaluate practical issues in the design and implementation of the studies of Rosenhan and Raine
  8. Evaluate the cultural and gender issues relating to the studies of Sherif and Rosenhan
  9. Evaluate the extent to which the findings of Rosenhan and Raine can be considered socially sensitive?
  10. Evaluate the extent to which the studies by Raine (1997) and Watson and Rayner (1920) studies could be used in social control