For all three topics in the cognitive approach, and with reference to research studies, HL students
should study the following.
• The influence (positive and negative) of technologies (digital/modern) on cognitive
• Methods used to study the interaction between technologies and cognitive processes.
Kaspersky Lab (2015) Report on Digital Amnesia: Digital Amnesia Report
Note-taking and laptops: mueller2014
Camera phones and photo impairment effect: henkel2013 and soares2017
Social media and photo sharing: TamirTempleton-JESP_2018
Video games and visual memory: blacker 2014 and anguera2013
Search engines and transactional memory: Sparrow et al and Storm et al. also Hesselman
Click on the images and go to the three dots top right to make you own editable copies.
The Google Effect:
The encoding hypothesis and photo impairment effect:
https://ed.ted.com/best_of_web/7S4PHeYg#watch – This is actually a full Ted Ed lesson not just a video
Sample answer: Cog Ext ERQ