Human memory is not an exact copy of events but rather a reconstruction that may be altered over time, through discussions with others or input from the media.
Research shows that memory may be changed during storage, processing and retrieval, for example, due to schema processing.
Knowing this could be important not only in our daily lives but in particular in relation to eyewitness testimony.
Relevant concepts related to studying the nature of reconstructive memory could be but are not limited to:
- confabulation—a memory based on a fabricated, distorted or misinterpreted memory often believed to be true in spite of contradictory evidence
- schema processing—memory processing based on prior knowledge in the form of schemas which could result in distortion
- false memories—recalling an event that never happened and believing it to be true: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5ef6/fd53f25266bb695c49d321a12933d43d4484.pdf
- Lost in the Mall: Loftus and Pickrell (1995). https://blogs.brown.edu/recoveredmemory/files/2015/05/Loftus_Pickrell_PA_95.pdf
Listen to these pod casts:
- eye-witness-testimony-vocab (lots of key terms you might come across in this topic)
- connect-4-reliability-of-memory (let’s get started thinking about what we already know, and how this helps us to work our whether memory is reliable)
- ewt-intro (a PowerPoint introducing the idea of EWT research)
- http://www.resourcd.com/@psychexchange/video/show/707 (car crash clip on youtube for an L and P replication)
- ewt-glossary-terms (some more terminology that you need to look up in the Blue Eysenck book)
- Discuss reconstructive memory with reference to research evidence. (22)
- Evaluate research into reconstructive memory. (22)
- To what extent can one cognitive process be considered to be reliable. (22)
In an ERQ I would use Loftus and Palmer and Yuille and Cutshall as the bare minimum.